Posts Tagged ‘South Eastern Europe’

Geographic distribution of Gryllotalpa stepposa in south-eastern Europe, with first records for Romania, Hungary and Serbia (Insecta, Orthoptera, Gryllotalpidae)

ZooKeys 605: 73-82
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.605.8804
Authors: Ionuț Ștefan Iorgu, Elena Iulia Iorgu, Gellért Puskás, Slobodan Ivković, Simeon Borisov, Viorel Dumitru Gavril, Dragan Petrov Chobanov
Abstract: Described from the step…

RAX Announces New 10 GigE Peering Network

(Ping! Zine Web Tech Magazine) – RAX (http://www.rax.bg) has added new 10 GigGe upstreams to its fully redundant network to meet the growing demand of businesses in South Eastern Europe for fast, high quality and low latency connectivity to any point of Europe, Turkey and Middle East. The RAX 10 GE network (http://www.rax.bg/about/network.shtml) features the lowest possible [...]

RAX Announces New 10 GigE Peering Network

(Ping! Zine Web Tech Magazine) – RAX (http://www.rax.bg) has added new 10 GigGe upstreams to its fully redundant network to meet the growing demand of businesses in South Eastern Europe for fast, high quality and low latency connectivity to any point of Europe, Turkey and Middle East. The RAX 10 GE network (http://www.rax.bg/about/network.shtml) features the lowest possible [...]

Earliest evidence for cheese making in the sixth millennium bc in northern Europe

The introduction of dairying was a critical step in early agriculture, with milk products being rapidly adopted as a major component of the diets of prehistoric farmers and pottery-using late hunter-gatherers. The processing of milk, particularly the production of cheese, would have been a critical development because it not only allowed the preservation of milk products in a non-perishable and transportable form, but also it made milk a more digestible commodity for early prehistoric farmers. The finding of abundant milk residues in pottery vessels from seventh millennium sites from north-western Anatolia provided the earliest evidence of milk processing, although the exact practice could not be explicitly defined. Notably, the discovery of potsherds pierced with small holes appear at early Neolithic sites in temperate Europe in the sixth millennium bc and have been interpreted typologically as ‘cheese-strainers’, although a direct association with milk processing has not yet been demonstrated. Organic residues preserved in pottery vessels have provided direct evidence for early milk use in the Neolithic period in the Near East and south-eastern Europe, north Africa, Denmark and the British Isles, based on the δ13C and Δ13C values of the major fatty acids in milk. Here we apply the same approach to investigate the function of sieves/strainer vessels, providing direct chemical evidence for their use in milk processing. The presence of abundant milk fat in these specialized vessels, comparable in form to modern cheese strainers, provides compelling evidence for the vessels having being used to separate fat-rich milk curds from the lactose-containing whey. This new evidence emphasizes the importance of pottery vessels in processing dairy products, particularly in the manufacture of reduced-lactose milk products among lactose-intolerant prehistoric farming communities.

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