Posts Tagged ‘Inspiration’

Next-gen Smartphone Battery Draws Inspiration From The Gut

Inspiration for the lithium-sulfur battery came from the cells lining the human intestine.

A novel excitatory network for the control of breathing

Breathing must be tightly coordinated with other behaviours such as vocalization, swallowing, and coughing. These behaviours occur after inspiration, during a respiratory phase termed postinspiration. Failure to coordinate postinspiration with inspiration can result in aspiration pneumonia, the leading cause of death in Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, and other neurodegenerative diseases. Here we describe an excitatory network that generates the neuronal correlate of postinspiratory activity in mice. Glutamatergic–cholinergic neurons form the basis of this network, and GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid)-mediated inhibition establishes the timing and coordination relative to inspiration. We refer to this network as the postinspiratory complex (PiCo). The PiCo has autonomous rhythm-generating properties and is necessary and sufficient for postinspiratory activity in vivo. The PiCo also shows distinct responses to neuromodulators when compared to other excitatory brainstem networks. On the basis of the discovery of the PiCo, we propose that each of the three phases of breathing is generated by a distinct excitatory network: the preBötzinger complex, which has been linked to inspiration; the PiCo, as described here for the neuronal control of postinspiration; and the lateral parafacial region (pFL), which has been associated with active expiration, a respiratory phase that is recruited during high metabolic demand.

Physics puts new spin on bowling

HOWZAT?: Spin bowlers looking to gain the upper hand in the next upcoming Ashes cricket series between Australia and England, might find inspiration from a new study.

Seeing Space Shuttle Atlantis Fills Reporter with Inspiration … and Regret

'); "Space Shuttle Atlantis" at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida is designed to give guests a nearly 360-degree view of the retired …

Powered by WordPress | Designed by: video game | Thanks to search engine optimization, seo agency and Privater Sicherheitsdienst