Posts Tagged ‘assembly’

LifeWatch ERIC 1st General Assembly

The 1st General Assembly of LifeWatch ERIC will take place in Seville (Spain) on 8-9 May 2017.

More specific details about the working agenda and logistics to follow here.

 

ECOPOTENTIAL General meeting and General Assembly

The Second ECOPOTENTIAL General Scientific Meeting and General Assembly of Partners will take place in Heraklion, Crete, from May 16th to May 19th, kindly hosted by the ECOPOTENTIAL Partner FORTH.

The General Meeting is aimed at a comprehensive …

Glycochemical Synthesis: Strategies and Applications

  This book is a comprehensive and concise review on principles, strategies, and crucial advances in glycochemistry. It focuses on synthesis and practical applications and emphasizes state-of-the-art approaches to the assembly and design o…

Mechanism of super-assembly of respiratory complexes III and IV

Respiratory chain complexes can super-assemble into quaternary structures called supercomplexes that optimize cellular metabolism1. The interaction between complexes III (CIII) and IV (CIV) is modulated by supercomplex assembly factor 1 (SCAF1, also known as COX7A2l)2. The discovery of SCAF1 represented strong genetic evidence that supercomplexes exist in vivo2, 3. SCAF1 is present as a long isoform (113 amino acids) or a short isoform (111 amino acids) in different mouse strains2, 4. Only the long isoform can induce the superassembly of CIII and CIV2-6, but it is not clear whether SCAF1 is required for the formation of the respirasome (a supercomplex of CI, CIII2 and CIV)1,2,4-6. Here, by combining deep proteomics and immunodetection analysis, we show that SCAF1 is always required for the interaction between CIII and CIV and that the respirasome is absent from most tissues of animals harbouring the short isoform of SCAF1, with the exception of heart and skeletal muscle. We used directed mutagenesis to characterize SCAF1 regions that interact with CIII and CIV and discovered that this interaction requires the correct orientation of a histidine residue at position 73 that is altered in the short isoform of SCAF1, explaining its inability to interact with CIV. Furthermore, we found that the CIV subunit COX7A2 is replaced by SCAF1 in supercomplexes containing CIII and CIV and by COX7A1 in CIV dimers, and that dimers seemed to be more stable when they included COX6A2 rather than the COX6A1 isoform.

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