Fatigue and recovery measured with dynamic properties vs isometric force: effects of exercise intensity [RESEARCH ARTICLE]

Renata L. Krüger, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Libia Marcela Jaimes, Brian R. MacIntosh, Pierre Samozino, and Guillaume Y. Millet

While fatigue can be defined as an exercise-related decrease in the maximal power or isometric force, most studies have assessed only isometric force. The main purpose of this experiment was to compare dynamic measures of fatigue [maximal torque (Tmax), maximal velocity (Vmax) and maximal power (Pmax)] with measures associated with maximal isometric force [isometric maximal voluntary contraction (IMVC) and maximal rate of force development (MRFD)] 10 s after different fatiguing exercises and during the recovery period (1-8 min after). Ten young men completed 6 experimental sessions (3 fatiguing exercisesx2 types of fatigue measurements). The fatiguing exercises were: a 30-s all out (WING), 10-min at severe-intensity (SEV) and 90-min at moderate-intensity (MOD). Relative Pmax decreased more than IMVC after WING (p=0.005) while the opposite was found after SEV (p=0.005) and MOD tasks (p<0.001). There was no difference between the decrease in IMVC and Tmax after the WING, but IMVC decreased more than Tmax immediately following and during the recovery from the SEV (p=0.042) and MOD exercises (p<0.001). Depression of MRFD was greater than Vmax after all the fatiguing exercises and during recovery (all p<0.05). Despite the general definition of fatigue, isometric assessment of fatigue is not interchangeable with dynamic assessment following dynamic exercises with large muscle mass of different intensities, i.e. the results from isometric function cannot be used to estimate dynamic function and vice-versa. This implies different physiological mechanisms for the various measures of fatigue.

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Source: Journal of Experimental Biology recent issues
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